FAQ about Debian on QNAP TS-409

QNAP TS-409 from the front

Is Debian on the QNAP TS-409 fully supported?

Debian 9 (stretch) includes support for the QNAP TS-109. In Debian 10 (buster), support for the installer was dropped due to size constraints of the device.

Please note that the TS-409 is not supported in Debian 11 (bullseye).

Is Debian on the TS-409 suited for people new to Linux?

No, I would not recommend you install Debian on your QNAP if you don't have any experience with Linux and Debian. Debian will not install a web interface through which you can control your QNAP, so I recommend you stay with the QNAP firmware.

Can I have both the QNAP firmware and Debian?

No, Debian will completely replace the QNAP firmware on disk and in flash. You have to choose between the QNAP firmware and the Debian installation described on my pages. However, it would be possible to make a small Debian system on your disk with the QNAP firmware by using debootstrap and chroot.

Can I go back to the QNAP firmware if I don't like Debian?

Yes, you can restore the original QNAP software without any problems.

Will this installer work on the QNAP TS-409U?

Yes, the TS-409U is fully supported.

Will this installer work on the QNAP TS-101 or TS-201?

No, the TS-101 and TS-201 are based on a PowerPC chip. This installation routine will only work on Orion based QNAP devices. This include the TS-109, TS-209, TS-409 and variants thereof.

Will this installer work on the QNAP TS-509?

No, the QNAP TS-509 is based on an Intel Celeron chip and therefore not compatible with this installation routine which only supports QNAP devices based on Marvell's Orion (ARM) chip.

Is there a recovery mode?

Yes, the TS-409 has a recovery mode with which a firmware image can be written to flash. This is useful in case there are problems during the installation or an upgrade of Debian. See the recovery mode page for more information.

Is the serial header soldered onto the board already?

Yes, a serial header is on the main board. You only need to prepare a cable with a TTL level shifter for a serial console.

Will I need a serial console to use Debian?

No, the installation and operation of Debian on your QNAP doesn't require a serial console.